Dracaena trifasciata, commonly known as the snake plant, is one of the most popular and hardy species of houseplants. Up until 2017, it was botanically classified as Sansevieria trifasciata, but its commonalities with Dracaena species were too many to overlook. The plant features stiff, sword-like leaves and can range anywhere from six inches to eightfeet tall. Snake plants can vary in color although many have green-banded leaves and commonly feature a yellow border. These plants are easy to grow and, in many cases, are nearly indestructible. They will thrive in very bright light or almost dark corners of the house. Snake plants generally grow slowly in indoor light, but increasing its exposure to light will boost growth if it receives a few hours of direct sun. Planting and repotting is best done in the spring.
This plant is toxic to cats and dogs.
|Common Name||Snake plant, viper's bowstring hemp, St. George's sword|
|Botanical Name||Dracaena trifasciata (formerly Sansevieria trifasciata)|
|Plant Type||Evergreen, perennial|
|Mature Size||Six inches to 8 feet tall|
|Sun Exposure||Shade to partial sun|
|Soil Type||Sandy, well-drained|
|Soil pH||Slightly acidic to slightly alkaline|
|Bloom Time||Spring (blooms are rare)|
|Hardiness Zones||9–11 (USDA)|
|Native Area||West Africa (tropical)|
|Toxicity||Toxic to cats and dogs|
Snake Plant Care
Snake plant is an ideal choice for beginner gardeners because it is difficult to kill. It's great in a container and grows well on the floor or on tabletop displays. Snake plant thrives in warm weather and struggles in cold conditions. This plant is drought-resistant but is susceptible to overwatering which lead to root rot. Only water the plant if the soil feels dry. These plants can go two months between waterings in the winter months. In warmer months, water no more than every two weeks.
Snake plantsprefer indirectbutsteadylight with some direct sun. They can adapt to full sun conditions and will also survive dimly lit situations.
Snake plants prefer a loose, well-drained potting mix. This plant will do well in sandier soils. Use a potting media low in peat content. Peat works well in many situations, but it can become tightly packed and sometimes has problems rehydrating or draining. An all-purpose cactus potting soil is a good choice.
Let the soil dry between waterings. During the winter, reduce watering to monthly, or whenever the soil is dry to the touch. Err on the side of under-watering; too much water can harm the plant.
Temperature and Humidity
Snake plants preferwarm conditions and will suffer if exposed to temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Set the plant in a place where it will be protected from drafts. A temperature range between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit is best.Frost will kill this plant.
Feed with a mild cactus fertilizer during the growing season or a balanced liquid slow-release 10-10-10 fertilizer or a 20-20-20 fertilizer diluted to half strength. Do notfertilizein the winter.
Types of Snake Plant
- Dracaena trifasciata'Hahnii': It is also called bird's nest snake plant, it grows to only about six inches tall. Its leaf clusters form a bird's nest clump.
- Dracaena angolensi (formerly Sansevieria cylindrical): This cylindrical snake plant has round, stiff leaves that can reach several feet in length. The leaves arch outward from a central crown.
- Dracaena trifasciata'Laurentii': This variegated snake plant has creamy yellow leaf margins. To propagate this plant, it must be divided rather than propagated from leaf cuttings.
- Dracaena trifasciata 'Twisted Sister': This plant has twisted leaves striped horizontally with yellow variegated edges. It grows about 15 inches tall.
- Dracaena trifasciata 'Bantel’s Sensation': This snake plant grows about three feet tall and has narrow leaves with white vertical stripes.
- Dracaena pearsonii: Sometimes called rhino grass, this plant grows about 12 inches tall with succulent red-tinted leaves.
Using sterile pruning shears, scissors, or a sharp knife, remove leaves at the soil line or cut off damaged or mature leaves to encourage new growth. The best time to prune is during the growing season—usually spring or summer. You can prune during the off-season, but because pruning can stress out a plant, it is best to do it when the plant is in a growing period. To control the height of your snake plant, remove the tallest leaves. Also, remove any leaves that are marred. Removing leaves spurs new leaf growth.
Propagating Snake Plant
It's best to propagate during the growing season in the spring or summer. Dracaena plants can be divided easily during repotting if the plant is at least four inches tall. Alternatively, new shoots might emerge from the soil and can be potted independently. You can also propagate snake plants via cuttings. Follow these instructions for both methods.
Propagate via root division:
- Gather a sharp knife, a clean pot, and cactus potting soil.
- Pull the root ball out of the old pot and place the plant on a flat surface. Using your hand, gently brush away the soil from the root structure or rhizome.
- Using the sharp knife, divide the plant into sections, making sure the roots for each section remain intact. Cutting through the plant will not kill the plant.
- Replant the new snake plant sections into a clean pot with cactus potting soil.
- Water it and place it in a partly sunny location.
Propagate new offshoots:
- If you notice any new pups or baby offshoots that the plant has developed, you can plant those separately.
- As with root division, you'll need a sharp knife, a clean pot, and cactus potting soil.
- Pull the root ball out of the pot, locate the offshoot's root, cut off the pup and plant the cut root end in the cactus potting soil.
- Water it and place it in a location with indirect bright light.
- Using sterilized scissors, a sharp knife, or pruning shears, slice off a long, healthy leaf from your snake plant.
- Root the leaf cutting in water by placing it in a clean jar of water, submerging the cut end. Place it in a partially sunny spot and look for root growth.
- Every few days, top off the water, keeping it level. Every two weeks, dump the old water and refill with clean water to inhibit bacterial or algae growth.
- Once roots develop at least an inch long, plant the root end in a well-draining cactus potting mix.
- Water it and place it in a partially sunny spot.
Optionally, you can skip the water rooting method. After cutting a healthy leaf from your plant, allow the cut end to callous over for 24 hours, and then pot it, cut-end down, in the cactus potting mix. It is a slow-growing plant, so it could take two months before you notice new growth.
How to Grow Snake Plant From Seed
Snake plants can be grown from seeds, but it's easier, quicker, and more reliable to propagate by other methods. Snake plant seeds tend to have low germination rates. It can take between three to six weeks before you see a seedling.
To grow from seed, fill a three-inch pot with a well-draining cactus potting mix or seed starting mix. Sprinkle the seeds on top of the starting mix. Place the pot in a warm, sunny spot. Cover the pot with plastic wrap or a clear plastic dome to retain warmth and humidity. Once you notice seedling growth, remove the plastic covering. Keep the soil lightly moist but not too soggy or wet throughout the germination process. The seedling will be ready to repot when it is three to four inches tall.
Potting and Repotting Snake Plant
When potting, choose a sturdy pot material as strong roots can easily crack and break weak pots.Dracaena is a generally slow grower that rarely needs repotting, but if given ample sunshine, they might grow rapidly and require repotting or dividing. The best time to repotthese plants is in the spring. When repotting, alwaysuse fresh potting soil, a cactus potting mix, or a mixture of both.
Snake plant is a tropical plant that can die in temperatures consistently lower than 50 degrees Fahrenheit or if affected by a wintery frost. Bring the plant indoors before temperatures drop that low. Keep the snake plant in a warm room, protected from cold drafts, and maintain the soil on the drier side. During the winter, snake plants enter dormancy and will stop growing. In the winter, you will only need to water the plant every six weeks or so.
Snake plants are susceptible to many common houseplant pests such as scales, gnats, spider mites, aphids, mealybugs, and whiteflies. You can avoid an insect invasion if you keep your plant healthy. Insects usually attack a plant when it suffers from environmental issues like incorrect water levels, humidity, and air circulation. If you notice insects on your plant, remove the insects by picking them off, by using a gentle spray of water, or with an organic neem oil to keep the insects at bay.
How to Get Snake Plant to Bloom
Snake plants develop creamy-white, tubular flowers that look similar to lilies. It flowers annually when its water, sun, and humidity needs are ideal. However, when these plants are grown indoors year-round, they rarely flower. The change of seasons, namely advent of spring, kickstarts the plant out of dormancy and spurs its growth. Its flowers are fragrant, and like other dracaena species, it blooms at night. There is no need to deadhead these flowers; they drop on their own.
Common Problems With Snake Plant
Snake plants are one of the easiest plants to maintain, multiply, and keep for years, whether you've got a green thumb or not. The biggest snake plant health problems center around watering. Overwatering causes plant diseases like fungal infections and root rot.
If you notice that the soil smells like it's rotting, it likely has root rot. Scoop out some of the soil and put it up to your nose. Root rot smells foul. You can try to save the plant, but you need to inspect the roots to determine if you've saved the root system in time. Pull the root ball out of the container. Cut away any brown, mushy roots or leaves. Repot a portion of healthy root rhizome in fresh cactus potting mix or a well-draining potting mix. If you can't save the rhizomes, discard them. Propagate a new snake plant from leaf cuttings.
Yellow orBrown Leaves
Healthy snake plant leaves are green with some silver or yellow streaks. Yellow orbrown leaves can indicate several conditions, including overwatering, pests, and root rot. You can remedy each of these conditions if you manage the plant's water level appropriately. Overwatering causes root rot and stresses out the plant, making it more susceptible to pests.
Thrips are a common pest infestation that can cause curling leaves. Use a magnifying glass to inspect your plant's leaves closely. These tiny black bugs are easy to deal with. Cut away severely curled leaves and spray the plant with neem oil or vegetable soap to keep the pests at bay. New leaves will eventually grow.
Leaves Falling Over or Drooping
Healthy snake plant leaves grow upward and stand erect, but too much water, insufficient light, or poor potting material can make the plant's leaves droop or flop over. If you don't use a well-draining potting mix, the soil becomes soggy and affects the foliage. Move the plant to a brighter location, reduce the frequency of watering, and change the soil to one that drains better, if necessary.
Snake plants are one of those plants that need very little maintenance once you find the perfect spot for them. They are easy to keep and harder to kill than many other houseplants.
Generally, the snake plant is a slow grower; however, if you place it outdoors in summer, it might experience a boost in growth.
The average lifespan of a snake plant is five to ten years; however, they can live up to 25 years or more.
Although Nassauvia serpens and Dracaena trifasciata are both called snake plant, the two are completely unrelated. Nassauvia serpens is a perennial shrub in the aster family native to the Falkland Islands. The two look nothing alike.
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Sansevieria. Pet Poison Helpline.
Dracaena trifasciata. North Carolina State University Extension Gardener Toobox.
Common houseplant insects & related pests. Clemson Cooperative Extension Home and Garden Information Center.
Does Root Rot Smell Like Sewage? National Gardening Association.(Video) Sansevieria Cylindrica / Snake Plant Repot, Propagate & Twist || Best Indoor Plants
Sansevieria Production Guide. University of Florida, IFAS.
To care for Dracaena trifasciata, grow the snake plant in bright light or partial shade. This houseplant grows best in loose, well-draining soil. Water the snake plant only when the soil dries. This Dracaena species doesn't need extra humidity, and the plant thrives in temperatures between 70°F and 90°F (21°C – 32°C).
Best Air Purifying Houseplant
It can reduce indoor air pollutants like formaldehyde, benzene, trichloroethylene, and carbon dioxide. These pollutants find their entrance into homes through electrical appliances, furnishings, paints, new clothes, carpets as well as building materials.
Place a snake plant in a well-drained pot to avoid overwatering, as it can cause rotting. Only water the soil when it's completely dry. Indirect sunlight is best. Partial sun works best for snake plants, though it can still grow in darker corners or in brighter window areas.
Generally, the snake plant is a slow grower; however, if you place it outdoors in summer, it might experience a boost in growth. How long does a snake plant live? The average lifespan of a snake plant is five to ten years; however, they can live up to 25 years or more.
Most people don't realize this rugged, ubiquitous houseplant (Sansevieria trifasciata) can sometimes flower. This is a rare occasion and will never happen more often than once annually, usually in the springtime, and usually only with plants living outdoors year-round.
Where to place Snake Plant at home? As per the Vastu, you need to keep the Snake plant in the southeast direction of the room. It is a perfect plant for the bedroom as well. It will help to reduce stress and promotes deep sleep.
Snake plant: also known as mother-in-law plant, whatever you call it, this plant has been deemed a good luck plant because of its ability to absorb poisonous gases from the air, removing toxins such as formaldehyde and benzene. Additionally, this healthy plant can help provide natural humidity when grouped with others.
Unlike other plants, the Snake Plant produces oxygen at night. It does this by converting carbon dioxide with its wide long leaves into fresh breathable air. In fact, it is best known for producing the highest amount of oxygen among all houseplants. This makes the Snake Plant very friendly for your bedroom.
Your Snake Plant only needs to be watered fortnightly, allowing its soil to completely dry out between waterings to prevent overwatering and root rot. During the winter months feel free to only water your snake plant once a month if the soil is still moist after 2 weeks.
According to Feng Shui principles, snake plants are typically associated with good luck. This is largely due to their air purification qualities.
Snake plant care requires minimal effort. To keep the plant looking its best, water when the soil dries out. The best way to tell when your plant needs watering is to touch the soil every week. When the first inch of the soil feels dry, it's time to water.
The best 12 plants for good luck and fortune are: 1) Money Tree (Pachira Aquatica), 2) Rubber Plant (Ficus Elastica), 3) Snake Plant (Sanseveria Laurentii), 4) Citrus Tree, 5) Blue Singapore Orchid (Vanda Coerulea), 6) Holy Basil (Ocicum Sanctum), 7) Jade Plant (Crassula Ovata), 8) Lavender (Lavandula Angustifolia), 9) ...
Unlike some household plants, the snake plant produces oxygen throughout the night, while also taking in carbon dioxide (CO2), a natural byproduct of breathing. This characteristic makes the snake plant perfect for home or bedroom decoration due to its ability to improve air quality.
- → 1. Citrus Trees.
- → 2. Ginseng Ficus.
- → 3. Money Tree.
- → 4. Peepal Bonsai.
- → 5. Rubber Plant.
- → 6. Adenium.
- → 7. Eucalyptus.
- → 8. Golden Pothos.
You can look at the shape and length of the tail to help you decipher whether or not your snake is a male. Males will have a tail (the portion of the snake starting after the cloacal opening) that is thicker and longer than their female counterparts.
It's something that plant lovers have long suspected, but now Australian scientists have found evidence that plants really can feel when we're touching them.
A unique feature of Sansevieria are their habit of creating 'pups' from the main plant. A fleshy rhizome will extend from the main root ball and then grow a vertical set of leaves beside the main plant. These pups will grow their very own root structures and can be divided from the main plant.
You will know it's time to repot when the top of the roots are swirling or coming out of the bottom of the pot. Another sure sign that your plant should be repotted, is if water drains straight through the drainage holes when watering. This means your snake plant is root bound.
Whether your Snake Plant is overgrown or it has some damaged leaves you'd like to remove, pruning a Snake Plant is very easy. Using a sharp, clean blade, simply cut off the stalks you'd like to remove at the base, closest as possibly to the soil.
Snake plant symbolizes Cleanliness and tenacity which makes it perfect to be gifted to someone who loves nature. This plant makes as a perfect house warming gift indicating persistence and happiness. The plant is a popular Feng-Shui plant and is associated with good luck.
Hardy snake plant can survive on low-light and minimal water. As an added bonus, the plant is said to filter indoor air pollution — think household cleaning products — making it a great choice for your bathroom.
The snake plant (also known as 'mother-in-law's tongue') is a natural air purifier. It emits oxygen at night that helps you sleep better. It's also known to remove some harmful chemicals from the air such as xylene, trichloroethylene, toluene, benzene and formaldehyde.
All species are in a complex food web and help to maintain a population balance. Without snakes, the number of prey species would increase to unnatural levels and destroy the stability of the ecosystem. Similarly, if a large number of snakes are killed, the predators that eat snakes will struggle to find food.
Apart from the most popular plants that are used in Feng Shui, there are some other plants that are said to bring good fortune: Sansevieria Snake Plant is a type of succulent with long sword-shaped leaves that is claimed to be a bringer of luck and also help purify the air.
According to Feng Shui, the spiky plants are considered great to drive away negative energies. When placed in an ideal position, the Snake plant is known to bring protective and positive energy in homes and offices.
Not all Snake Plants are created equal, and Sansevieria Laurentii is the proof. In a study performed by Nasa, this Snake Plant variety came out as not only one of the best air-purifying plants among Snake Plants in general, but among houseplants in general as well.
It's fairly common to hear, "you shouldn't keep houseplants in the bedroom because they're not safe". This is based on the fact that most plants will release Carbon Dioxide and absorb Oxygen from the air while you're sleeping.
Snake plants do not attract any bug or insect in particular, and snake plants contain the insecticidal chemical Saponin, which will prevent most bugs from calling your snake plant home.
They've even been used as herbal remedies in some parts of the world. But the plants are also poisonous if ingested. Large doses can cause nausea and vomiting, and the poison found in the plant has a numbing effect that can cause the tongue and throat to swell.
Snake plants can be watered from the bottom every few weeks to give them a deep watering. You can bottom water your snake plants by placing them in a shallow container or bathtub filled with about an inch (2.5 cm) of water.
While some plants are fairly high-maintenance and borderline dramatic (cough, cough: the fiddle-leaf fig) sansevierias, known also as snake plants or mother-in-law's tongues, are the quite the opposite. In fact, these trusty greens are so resilient they can go up to two weeks without water.
To promote faster growth in your snake plant, be sure to choose the right pot, provide the correct amount of water, give it lots of sunlight, fertilize regularly, and be on the lookout for pest infestations. Adequate bright light and small amounts of fertilizer will help your snake plant produce green leaves.
Another popular houseplant, the snake plant (also known as mother-in-law's tongue) has a multitude of air-cleaning tricks up its sleeve. It removes formaldehyde, xylene and nitrogen oxides from the air, and at night continues its hard work.
The best plants for the front door in feng shui are those with soft, rounded, heart-shaped, or broad leaves that will draw in positive, auspicious energy. Some of the most popular front door feng shui plants include money trees, areca palms, jade plants, fruit trees, ferns, geraniums, and chrysanthemums.
The plant itself doesn't produce allergens. The plant absorbs toxins and releases oxygen. The plant may release moisture in the air and lessens airborne allergens. The plant isn't a collector of potential allergens, for instance, having smooth leaves as opposed to furry ones.
If you find that the tips or stalks of your Snake plant are browning, there's a chance that you could be overwatering or underwatering your plant. A simple inspection will let you know which is happening. If the Snake plant's soil is soggy and waterlogged, that means that your Snake is getting too much to drink!
Look for dark green leaves to make sure your sansevieria is healthy. Dark leaves on a snake plant indicate that it is healthy and well-nourished. Leaves that have a yellowish tinge on the outer edge of the leaves or leaves that are pale and floppy could indicate that the plant is dying.
If you're noticing a lot of the snake plant leaves falling over, it's probably due to overwatering. The leaves, roots, and rhizomes (the underground horizontal stem by which they spread) all store water. The leaves will start to “mush out” at the base, crease, and then fall over.
Red rose (Rosa)
Of all the symbols of romance and love, the red rose is one of the most iconic and beautiful.
Rubber plants are considered “wealth plants.” They are thought attract abundance, good fortune and wealth. The round leaves are said to symbolize money and prosperity in feng shui. If you live in zones 10 and 11, you can grow rubber plant outdoors.
Feng Shui Attracting Wealth Tips - Front Door - YouTube
Snake Plants do not necessarily need to be planted in soil to grow. They are also able to thrive in water, pebbles, potting mixes, and water. Propagated Snake Plants and leaf cuttings from the Snake Plant can thrive in water if you are mindful of constant plant care and maintenance.
Yes, it can survive without sunlight, but not for too long. As mentioned above, all green plants need sunlight to produce their food through photosynthesis. But on the flip side, snake plants can actually still survive for a long period of time (even without sunlight at all), but that is with the help of grow lights.
1. Aloe Vera. Whenever a list of plants with benefits is made, Aloe Vera tops the charts always. Listed as one of the plants improving the air of NASA, Aloe Vera emits oxygen at night and increases the longevity of your life.
Cotton plants and silky cotton plants are not a great idea to have at home. These snowy white plants look very pretty when used as a decorative element but they are not the perfect choice as per vastu. These plants are inauspicious and bring bad luck when placed indoors.
The rubber plant is a symbol of money and prosperity in Feng Shui. When placed in the home, it provides fortune and good wealth.
The peace lily (Spathiphyllum) is one of the most enduring and popular houseplants for a bedroom for good reason: its glossy leaves thrive in high- or low-light situations, and its roots tolerate a variety of irrigation habits.
Well-drained soil and careful watering is a must; do not overwater, as the roots will rot. In spring to autumn allow the soil to dry between waterings. In winter only water every one to two months. It tolerates low humidity and cool temperatures around 50 degrees.
Mature leaves are dark green with light gray-green cross-banding and usually range from 70–90 centimetres (2.3–3.0 ft) long and 5–6 centimetres (2.0–2.4 in) wide, though it can reach heights above 2 m (6 ft) in optimal conditions. The specific epithet trifasciata means "three bundles".
Dracaenas will thrive with a water-soluble commercial houseplant fertilizer. You can buy these products at a local home-and-garden shop or online. Look for mixes with a 3:1:2 ratio of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium. You will see these nutrients listed as N, P, and K on the packaging.
Snake Plant Care
Put them in indirect sunlight and don't water them too much, especially during the winter. In fact, it's better to let these plants dry out some between waterings. A little general purpose fertilizer can be used if the plants are in a pot, and that's about it.
One of the worst things you can give any houseplant is tap water. Municipal water supplies have numerous added chemicals that can be harmful to your plants. These include bromine, chlorine, and fluoride.
If the tips of your dracaena leaves turn brown, it's a sign that you may not be watering your plant enough. If you allow your plant to go dry for a long time, your dracaena reacts, not by wilting, but by tipping you off with brown tips. But don't overreact by overwatering, which is the most common plant killer.
Overwatering is the most common cause for Dracaena leaves to turn yellow. Leaves of the dracaena lose their green color and turn pale. They lose their crisp, semi-rigid bearing and start feeling soft and limp. Instead of reaching for the sky, they droop down and sag towards the floor.
The snake plant flowers are highly fragrant and emit a spicy vanilla-like scent that you can't compare with anything. The blooms also produce sweet-scented nectar, so much in fact that it can drip down the stalk! Flowers close in the daytime and open up during the night.
How to grow Snake plant faster, Propagate and Care Indoors.
The snake plant or mother-in-law's tongue doesn't produce any smell or oil to deter snakes, but they get afraid with the appearance of its sharp leaves.
However, it is a great idea to add coffee grounds to the compost mix that will eventually be used to fertilize a Dracaena. In their decomposed form, coffee grounds provide valuable nutrients to Dracaenas and other houseplants.
Tip: We recommend using Miracle-Gro® Indoor Plant Food to give dracaena an instant boost of nutrition. Apply it directly to the soil and water as normal.
The current size of the roots, stems, and leaves of a Dracaena plant determines which pot is ideal for it. The pot should be large enough to accommodate the roots but small enough to allow for root growth.
Where to place Snake Plant at home? As per the Vastu, you need to keep the Snake plant in the southeast direction of the room. It is a perfect plant for the bedroom as well. It will help to reduce stress and promotes deep sleep.
Terra cotta is the best pot material for a snake plant because it allows the plant's roots to dry quicker and helps the plant's root system to breathe. Snake plants are very susceptible to root rot, which can ultimately result in the plant dying.
Water. Your Snake Plant only needs to be watered fortnightly, allowing its soil to completely dry out between waterings to prevent overwatering and root rot. During the winter months feel free to only water your snake plant once a month if the soil is still moist after 2 weeks.